What You Should Not Do In An Earthquake?

Earthquakes are a massive force that can destroy every land and it can also be deadly to those who do not know what to do when the shaking starts. There has been recent back to back series of earthquakes in different locations. It just brought attention to different countries to prepare for a massive hit because you will never know when it will happen.

What you should not do in an earthquake? If an earthquake happens, you should not panic. But some people still don’t know what to do. Do not hide under a bed, that is a big no or go under a desk. You should also stay away from the doorway or flee using your windows.

In this short read, you will have some ideas about things that you should not do during an earthquake. It is essential to know these things to survive during this calamity.

What Not To Do During An Earthquake

When an earthquake hits your location, a lot of people still don’t know what to do. Some people opt for an unconventional style of trying to survive the hit. These kinds of tactics not only is not recommended, but they will cause more damage to you and your family. Here are some things that you should not do in an earthquake emergency:

Don’t Hide Under A Bed

The best place to hide is probably under the bed. The small space will become even smaller when a ceiling collapses on it. If it happens to be that you are in bed when an earthquake occurs, simply roll off the bed and stay around the perimeter of it. This way, the bed will hold some of the debris falling or coming at you. Do not go under it. It is not worth it.

Steer Clear Of The Stairs

When it comes to deathtrap, a stairway will be your stairway to heaven. It is not recommended to be near it as the treads can cut a person into pieces if the house or building you are staying collapses on top of them.

Flee From Windows

During an emergency, especially an earthquake, your instinct will tell you to either get out of the building or stay indoors.

Windows may seem to keep you away from any danger since you can see through it, but it is not. Imagine the damage it can bring to you when earthquakes shatter those glasses and pierce in your body.

Glass is unpredictable and can break and move in strange patterns. Those broken pieces can be deadly if they fall on your or if you fall on them.

Conclusion

Overall, earthquakes are deadly, and they can be very unpredictable. You should always check-in with your local authorities updates if it hits you. Earthquake creates aftershock, so it is essential to know when and how this will occur.

Always be prepared and wary about your surrounding and follow all the things mentioned about to earn your survival.

Should You Go Under Bed During An Earthquake?

Earthquake is a massive force of nature, and unless you know what to do, you are doomed. The right way to act during an earthquake is very simple and it boils down to three basic steps, drop, take cover, and hold on.

Should you go under the bed during an earthquake? If you are in bed, it is best to stay there and hold on and try to protect your head with a pillow. Do no go under the bed because your building’s ceiling might collapse, and you will be stuck in there.

In this short read, you will understand some of the safety tips you should be following if an earthquake hits your area.

Staying Indoors

The rule is that if you are indoors, stay indoors and if you are outside, stay outside. Ensure you are following the right procedure and protocols when dealing with an earthquake.

Always remember to drop to the ground, take cover by getting under a sturdy piece of furniture. Then hold on to something to stop the shaking. If there is no furniture near you, cover your face and head with your arms. Afterward, go to an inside corner of your house or building.

Do not go near any glass furniture, windows, or anything that might fall. In the event the earthquake hits you, and you’re in bed. Stay there, cover your head with pillows, unless there is a possibility that the light fixture could fall. If that is the case, movie to the nearest safe place as much as possible.

Staying Outdoors

If you find yourself outside and nowhere near your house or building, you lived in, ensure that you stay wherever you are, or find the nearest earthquake shelter.

Do not go near any buildings, streetlights, and utility wires. Once you are in an open area, stay there until the shaking stops. The most dangerous place to be during an earthquake is directly outside of the buildings as the exterior walls can collapse at any minute.

Trapped Under Debris

Accidents can happen because an earthquake is a phenomenon where you don’t know when it will happen. Worst case scenario, you are trapped under debris.

It is essential to know that you should not move around and try to get yourself out. If you can, try to cover your mouth with a handkerchief or a piece of clothing. Tap a wall or a pipe so the rescuers can hear you and locate you. Shout only as your last resort as shouting can cause you to inhale dangerous amounts of dust and other toxic.

Conclusion

To conclude, an earthquake is inevitable, and it is a scary thing to happen. The only way to survive is to be prepared at all costs. You should know some of the tips and tricks to do when you are put in this kind of predicament. Do not panic, know that you are well prepared for it, and have the right amount of knowledge to overcome it.

How Do You Know A Tsunami Is Coming?

A tsunami is a series of waves which are known as the wave rain. Experts say that the first wave of tsunamis isn’t the most destructive, but it’s totally dangerous because it can last long. And contrary to what others think, it’s not a simple tidal wave because it can be generated by a giant meteor impact in the ocean.

How do you know a tsunami is coming? They say that you’ll know a tsunami may occur after an earthquake. But this study isn’t always true because some earthquakes don’t cause a tsunami. And scientists use a buoy to determine if a tsunami might hit the specific area after the earthquake.

As you read on, I will explain the simple signs that can help you tell that a tsunami is coming. I will also list some simple helpful tips that you can follow during a tsunami.

Detecting A Tsunami

To help scientists identify and predict a tsunami, they look at the size and the type of water earthquake that precedes it. However, this information isn’t always helpful and accurate because a tsunami can arrive within minutes after an earthquake triggered it.

Not all earthquakes create tsunamis. It is what most scientists would like to tell the people. That’s when a special open-ocean tsunami buoy can help.

It sends information to tsunami centers like in Alaska and Hawaii.

Scientists or authorities also educate people who reside in coastal areas where earthquakes are prone to. In the United States, there is a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration responsible for reporting tsunamis.

And when they find out that an earthquake has triggered the tsunami, they will release a warning system to the public through news outlets.

Facts About A Tsunami

Here are some of the facts about a tsunami that scientists have discovered:

  • A tsunami is fast as a commercial jet, that’s one fact that scientists would like everybody to know. Because where the ocean is deep, tsunamis can even travel unnoticed on the surface with a speed of up to 500 miles per hour. Or 800 kilometers an hour and can cross the ocean in a day or less. Scientists can calculate the tsunamis arrival times in different parts of the world based on their knowledge of water depths.

  • A Tsunami could be less than 30 centimeters in height on the surface of an open ocean. That’s why sailors can’t notice it, but their shock travels rapidly through the ocean.

  • When it reaches the shallow part of the water near the coast, that’s when it slows down.

  • The top waves move faster than the bottom. That is why there’s a dramatic rise to the sea.

  • Scientists said that some natural features like the reefs, bays, undersea formations and river entrances might dissipate the tsunami’s energy.

  • Some tsunamis cause the sea to rise vertically but for a few inches or feet only.
  • In other places, tsunamis surge vertically as high as 100 feet or 3 meters.

  • And most tsunamis cause the sea to rise no more than 10 feet or 3 meters. 

Conclusion

To conclude, not all earthquakes can cause a tsunami because it will always depend on how strong the earthquake is. But, scientists believe that those places that are often experiencing an Earthquake are prone to a tsunami, especially those who live nearby the coast. We also learn that tsunamis aren’t noticeable to sailors because it only measures not less than 30 centimeters.

Is It Better To Be Upstairs Or Downstairs During An Earthquake?

Earthquakes are terrifying forces of nature because there’s no running and hiding from them. The best thing to do during an earthquake may well be to stay put and let it pass. But it can be difficult to do when you’re in a high-rise building because your instincts can take over.

Is it better to be upstairs or downstairs during an earthquake? According to safety experts, it’s usually safer to be upstairs than downstairs during a major earthquake.

Read on and find out why this is so despite its counterintuitive nature. I will also be discussing a few vital safety tips during an earthquake that may well save your life. 

Why Being Upstairs Is Safer

Many seismic experts claim that the chances of survival after a major earthquake increase on high ground, such as skyscrapers. For one thing, people inside a high-rise building will likely stay put and seek cover. In doing so, there’s less risk of being hit by falling debris and trampled by panicking people. 

Just imagine being hit on the head or body by falling debris as you run downstairs! You would have avoided the injuries if you sought cover under a sturdy table. 

For another thing, modern building standards mean that skyscrapers are designed and constructed with stringent standards in mind. Teams of architects, engineers, and contractors work together to ensure that skyscrapers will withstand nature’s forces.

Building codes are implemented to make high-rise buildings earthquake-resistant, as is the case in Japan and California.

There’s also the fact that most structural damage after an earthquake happens due to the building’s unique response to the seismic movement. During an earthquake, every building in the area moves with the ground.

The low-rise buildings, such as houses, tend to sway more during an earthquake because of their closeness to the ground. But high-rise buildings take a significantly longer time to respond to the ground movement. While skyscrapers sway, too, they have wind and seismic measures that hold them in place. 

What You Should Do If You Were Upstairs

But just because being upstairs is better than being downstairs during an earthquake doesn’t mean your life isn’t in danger! You have to always be alert so your chances of survival will increase. 

Here are a few things to do when you’re caught in a high-rise building during an earthquake. These tips also apply when you’re in the upper part of your house, office, and other structures. 

  • Don’t even try to leave the building during an earthquake even when your first instinct is to run out!

  • Don’t walk or run during an earthquake because you can become injured. The reason is simple: The ground or floor is still moving, so you will lose your balance. You can trip, fall a staircase, or slide, which isn’t good for your limbs.

  • Do take cover as soon as an earthquake hits. The duck, take cover, and hold recommendation applies!

If you think that the earthquake has passed, you can assess the situation and decide on your next move. You may want to grab your Ready America 70280 Emergency Kit, for example, to call for help. 

Conclusion

Being caught upstairs during an earthquake isn’t as scary as it sounds. You will find that it is safer where you are, but it’s also important to take cover ASAP. 

Is The Bathroom Safe During An Earthquake?

Earthquakes are nearly impossible to predict, and this is why it is essential to stay alert and prepare ahead. This way, whatever happens, you will be ready, and you know how to stay safe. There are plenty of things to do when you encounter this emergency catastrophe, but what happens if you find yourself in some strange locations.

Is the bathroom safe during an earthquake? Yes, it is safe. You only need to follow the drop, cover, and hold principle even if it’s in your bathroom. It is recommended that you grab a towel if it is within your reach to protect yourself from scratching caused by fallen debris.

In this short read, you will find out what to do if you find yourself in some strange place when an earthquake hits you.

Places You Find Yourself In An Earthquake

The first lesson when it comes to preparation is proper education. You need to know what you should know when facing such calamity, regardless of whether it is the big one. Below are some places that you might find yourself in and tips on how to protect yourself from imminent danger:

Walking Down The Street

It is probably the least situation you want to be in when an earthquake hits your area. It is because you are exposed to a lot of possible falling debris or breaking glass.

While Drop, Cover, and Hold on still apply to this scenario, the smart thing to do is getaway to these buildings, windows, streetlights, and electrical wiring as much as possible.

Ideally speaking, you might want to find some building doorway to provide you immediate shelter. Get yourself low to the ground to prevent yourself from losing your balance.

Wait for the shaking to stop, wait at least a minute or two before moving back out into the street as there is still imminent danger from all the debris to fall.

In the Bathroom

Whether you are staying in a bathroom or standing at the sink, your bathroom is not technically a bad place to be in. If you feel like it is shaking, the best way is to stay put and practice drop, cover, and hold on.

Probably, it is among the safest places to be in because it can avoid falling objects. To prepare ahead of time, you want to make sure that all your heavier objects are secure or think about relocating them in some parts of the house.

Conclusion

It is a challenge to prepare for every possible emergency, keep you on the loop, and have the right information to guarantee your safety. Find a safe space to drop, cover, and hold on and stay away from surroundings that can collapse at any given time. If you keep these things in mind, you can prevent injuries to yourself and your loved ones.

How Long Does it Take to Start a Fire by Rubbing Two Sticks Together?

When you are stuck in a survival situation, then starting a fire should be one of the first things that you should learn. You can choose from the many ways to start a fire, but it needs a lot of patience to learn. Fire is an essential way back in history, so people can cook, purify water, or get warmed by it.

How long does it take to start a fire by rubbing two sticks together? It only takes 30 seconds to 5 minutes to make a fire. There are three techniques to start a fire: Hand Drill, Bow Drill, and Fire Plow.

In this article, you will learn how to start a fire and its importance in survival.

Ways To Start A Fire

In difficult times, you have to be resourceful enough to start a fire for survival. Alongside with shelter and food, building a fire should be listed in your priorities.

Hand Drill

This method is the most common, wherein you’ll have to hold two sticks together with your bare hands. However, this may be difficult because it will take a lot of friction to start a fire.

You can use the stalk of a dry plant of about 1 to 2 feet long. You can also use a flat fireboard, such as cedar, weeping willow, and basswood. To improve your hand drill skills, you can cover the woods with dry leaves.

Bow Drill

Select the best wood that you can use and create a spindle at the edge of each wood. The bottom end of the wood should be more rounded than the top end. Make use of a dry medium hardwood of about 1/2-inch thick, then carve a hole in it.

After you drill a hole, you can start rubbing the top end with grease and soap to prevent unnecessary friction. Make sure to get a tinder so the fire may easily be able to catch the flow.

Fire Plow

This method is also called the fire plow, where only two sticks are being rubbed together to produce friction and heat. When the sticks get heated, it will produce hot dust or coal, and more oxygen is required to result in ignition. Egyptians and other ancient groups are known to utilize this method.

Importance Of Fire In Early Times

Undeniably, fire became a necessity for everyone. Here are some of the things that you can do with fire:

Provides Habitat

One of the best things that fire can provide is the habitat for forest animals. When there’s a heavy bush, early people burn them to create new spaces for grasses and herbs. When the fire is being used, the water supply is increasing, which goes to the stream.

Kills Diseases

When early people are boiling water, it also can kill viruses and other diseases. It also aids digestion and relieves constipation, while keeping the body hydrated. Even though there were times that waters might appear clean, yet there’s no assurance to kill strong pollutants easily, such as lead.

Conclusion

It is possible to start a fire through hand drill, bow drill, and fire plow. Although it requires patience and consistent learning, eventually, if you’re persistent enough to start a fire, it would come out naturally. It will also help if you direct it to the sun’s ray, for better heat production.

What Are Three Things You Should Do During An Earthquake?

Earthquakes are unnerving, to say the least because there’s no hiding and running from it and not stopping it. Many, if not most, people would panic because earthquakes are formidable forces of nature! Fortunately, some steps can be done to increase your chances of making it out alive.

What are the three things you should do during an earthquake? You have to stay calm, immediately drop, cover, and hold. You have to assess the situation for possible exit points, among others.

Read on and find out more details about these steps. You will agree that it may well save your life and that of others. 

Stay Calm During The Earthquake

Of course, an earthquake will take you by surprise! Earthquakes, after all, aren’t like hurricanes and typhoons that can be predicted days in advance. But it doesn’t mean that you can go into panic mode as soon as you feel the earth move.

Instead, you have to stay calm as much as possible! You will then be able to walk calmly to wherever you can shelter in place. You should never run during an earthquake because with the ground moving violently, you’re likely to fall, slide or trip.

You will have a difficult time staying calm, obviously, but it’s something that must be done. You can take deep breaths while you’re sheltering in place to maintain steady breathing. You can focus on what needs to be done afterward so you can subdue your fight-or-flight response. 

Drop, Cover and Hold

If you’re indoors when an earthquake hits, you should do the drop, cover, and hold routine. It is true whether you are in an upstairs or downstairs room and a low-rise or high-rise building. You should never walk and run outside since there’s an increased risk of falling debris.  

  • Wherever you may be, find a sturdy place to shelter in, such as under a table or open cabinet. You should drop onto your hands and knees and crawl into the shelter, if available. It is the drop part of the safety plan.

  • Protect your neck and head by covering with one arm even when you are sheltering under a table. You don’t want these sensitive parts of your body to be injured. You have to keep your wits, and it includes keeping your head and neck free of serious injuries.

  • Hold one leg of the desk or table you’re hiding under if you’re sheltering in place. If you’re not in a shelter, you should hold your head and neck with both arms.

You should stay away from windows, outside doors and walls and glass during an earthquake, too. If you can, you should not be in the kitchen. If you’re in bed, you can protect your head and neck with a large pillow. But move away from the bed if it’s near or below a heavy light fixture.

Plan Your Next Step

Earthquakes last for just several seconds, although it may seem like an eternity. During this time, you should ideally think about your next step once it’s over. You can look around to assess the situation, look for the nearest and safest exit, and bring your emergency kit.

Conclusion

Earthquakes are serious phenomena that demand your utmost presence of mind! You can’t go off the deep end since your life depends on your ability to do the three abovementioned things.

Can You Survive A Tsunami In A Pool?

The rapidly rising wall of water of a tsunami is one terrifying and deadly sight. Some people sometimes continue to be ignorant about the power of the tsunami and its effect. That is why it isn’t right to associate tsunami to a simple tidal wave because it is more than that. Plus, it travels faster more than you think it can.

Can you survive a tsunami in a pool? You can’t survive a tsunami in a pool because the pool’s water was set in motion by the impact of tons of seawater. The tsunami could rush into the pool and carry you out of it with the pool’s water.

In this article, we’ll explain why it is not safe to be in a swimming pool during a tsunami. And we will also give useful tips to help you survive a tsunami.

Swimming Pool Isn’t Safe For A Tsunami

If you’re thinking you can survive a tsunami by jumping or staying in the pool, you’re wrong. Because a tsunami might be carrying any crashed debris and stuff, it destroys along the way.

Meaning, the pool’s wave will only scoop up the pool’s water, thus taking you along with it as it continues to travel. When it’s all done and gone, you’ll notice that silt and mud cover the streets, buildings, cars, and houses.

Even though you are an expert swimmer, it’s hard to swim in the pool during a tsunami. But if you run out of time going out of the pool, you can float with the current then look for the potential rift.

Try to hold onto things that float and try to grab hold of something stationary. Remember that it’s still crucial to hold onto something because the first wave recedes into the ocean.

Useful Tips To Help You Survive A Tsunami

1. Be Prepared

If you’re traveling to the areas wherein it’s known to be a tsunami hotspots, it’s better to be prepared. In your travel pack, make sure that you have your emergency kit. You can also stock food, water, and climate-appropriate clothing that is enough for a couple of days. But remember to pack and keep it light and scamper in an instant.

2. Run Up The Hill

Though it may seem odd, it’s one of the safest things you can do when a tsunami hits. Remember that a tsunami can strike quickly so better to go uphill faster. That’s why when you have a lighter emergency pack. You can travel faster. And to stay alert means to be attentive to the warning system that the authorities are saying.

These are some of the vital signs you can look for:

  • There are shakes and tremors underfoot
  • The water is receding
  • If there is a roar from the ocean

3. Know The Topography Of Your Destination

Whether you’re going there for leisure or business, it’s essential to know the topography and the tsunami history too. Villages that are established at a lower sea level can get hammered by a tsunami.

While the villages settled in deeper water areas aren’t that much affected. Knowing all the information that lies in your destination’s area helps you have an effective action plan.

4. Know The Locals And The Authorities

Even if there’s a language barrier between you and the locals, it’s essential to talk to them. Talking to them by asking about what system and infrastructure they have to deal with a tsunami is vital.

Remember that in every area, there’s a range from ‘very little’ to ‘comprehensive,’ so arm yourself with the best information you can. Being an investigator will help you save your life as well as your loved one’s lives.

Conclusion

In general, swimming or diving into the pool during a tsunami won’t help you and dive into the tsunami itself. But if you can’t get out of it, you can look for anything stationery that might help you not be dragged down. And remember that the only safest place you can be at is up the hill. 

How Long Does A Tsunami Last?

A tsunami is one major natural calamity, and it can kill or damage buildings and infrastructure with its humongous waves that come in and go out. A tsunami can create huge ocean waves caused by earthquakes, underwater landslides, asteroids, or volcanic eruptions. The forces involved in a tsunami incident are large, and their effects can be correspondingly massive.

How long does a tsunami last? A tsunami can approximately last for 5 minutes up to 2 hours. In some cases, it can continue for days, depending on location and reaching their peak often a couple of hours after the arrival.

In this short read, you will find about the science behind tsunami and what makes it one of the deadliest natural disasters ever existed.

What Is A Tsunami?

A tsunami is a series of extremely long waves caused by large and sudden relocation of the ocean. It is a result of an earthquake below or near the ocean floor. This force of nature creates a wave that radiates outward in all different directions away from their original sources. It is sometimes crossing the entire ocean basins.

Compared to regular wind waves, a tsunami is a massive force where the whole water column moves from the ocean floor to the ocean surface.

Causes Of A Tsunami

Usually, a tsunami is caused by earthquakes, with the convergence of the tectonic plate boundaries. According to the data, over 80% of the tsunami was generated by an earthquake.

On the other hand, other things can cause a tsunami, for instance, by a landslide, volcanic eruptions, certain types of weather, and possibly Earth objects such as asteroids or comets. These near-Earth objects can collide with or explode above the ocean.

Tsunami Movement

The speed of a tsunami will be dependent on the depth of the ocean after its formation. Below the ocean, a tsunami has a movement as fast as a jet plane. It can speed up to 500mph, and its wavelength can be hundreds of miles.

With this kind of speed, mariners at sea won’t notice it as it passes beneath them. The NOAA systems located deep sea can detect small changes in the sea-level height and transmit all the information gathered to tsunami warning centers.

Usually, when a tsunami hits, it may come as a fast-rising flood and can strike at a devastating force. This force, together with massive floods, may continue for hours.

The first strike may not be the last or the biggest. For safety purposes, you should know the potential warning signs of an incoming tsunami. An earthquake, rapid rise or fall of the water along the coast and ocean-roar load are some signs you should be looking at.

Conclusion

A tsunami is no joke as it can injure people and destroy all your property and livelihood. The waves will continue to come in and go. The vital thing to consider in a tsunami incident is to go to a higher place and wait until the flood is no more rising the wave surge starts to calm down.

What Should You Do Immediately After An Earthquake?

An earthquake is a shaking of the Earth’s surface that results in a sudden release of energy that causes seismic waves, leaving devastating aftermath. For this reason, stay focused and alert during an earthquake. Fire, gas leaks, injuries are some of the causes of an earthquake, so the more you are prepared, the safer you will be.

What should you do immediately after an earthquake? After an Earthquake, it is recommended that you should check yourself for any injuries. Also, if you’re trapped, a signal for help then if there’s someone’s who’s with you help them.

Learning and knowing what to do after an earthquake is one way of keeping yourself safe and the others. But for you to take precautionary measures, I will also list the things that you will need to do during the earthquake.

What To Do After An Earthquake

1. Check For Any Injuries

After an earthquake hits, buildings or establishments are being crashed, and you might get injuries. Which is why, before you do anything else, check yourself first.

If you’re bleeding, try to elevate the part where your injury is, and then put pressure on it. But if your injury is serious, that’s the time that you should call for help using a cellphone or get rescuer’s attention.

2. If Trapped, Call For Help

Some people are trapped in a crashed building after an earthquake occurs, for rescuers to save you and know that there’s someone inside the collapsed building, a signal for help.

You can use your phone for help, but if you can’t use it, try knocking loudly on something nearby. Continuously do it until the rescuers find you.

3. Help Others With Injury

If in case you’re safe and don’t have any serious injury, try to look around the others around you and help them. Like, look if there’s anyone trapped nearby or if someone needs medical attention.

If there’s a kit nearby, grab it then use it for minor injury only. You can apply pressure to someone’s wound then wrap it with gauze, in case someone’s bleeding.

For those who don’t have any pulse, administer CPR, and if you encounter someone who needs substantial injuries, professional’s assistance is necessary.

4. Go To A Safer Place

It’s possible that after a strong Earthquake, aftershocks are next. It’s a smaller earthquake yet can cause significant damage too. If it occurs, drop to the ground, cover yourself, and hold onto something until the shaking stops.

5. Exit The Building Once The Shaking Stops

If you’re in a high-rise building, exit immediately as aftershocks may occur afterward. But remember to exit the building using the stairs, not the elevators. If you’re in a stadium or theatre, calmly walk towards the exit and watch for possible falling debris.

6. Go To A Open Space Once Outside

Once you’re outside, remember to avoid standing near the damaged buildings or establishment because it may collapse during an aftershock. Also, do not enter any buildings unless the authorities tell you it’s safe.

If you’re near the coast, go to higher ground if a tsunami forms after an earthquake. Buildings that look safe may be at a higher risk when an aftershock occurs.  

Things To Do During An Earthquake

  1. Stay calm as much as possible.

  2. If you are outside the building, stay away from any windows. If you’re indoor, stand against a wall near the center of the building. Stand in doorways or crawl under heavy furniture like a table.

  3. Don’t use matches, candles, or any flammable materials.

  4. If inside the car, stop it and stay inside as much as possible until an earthquake stops. 

Conclusion

In general, this article made us realize that an Earthquake may happen anytime, and it is essential to be prepared. We also realized that when you’re safe, it’s better to help others during this situation. Those listed things are simple reminders that when you follow it, it’ll keep you safe and others too.